The dried, ground fruit of one or more varieties of fresh chilli.
Try: Fish tacos with smashed avocado and tomato salsa.
Dried whole chillies
As with other whole spices, dried chillies contain more depth of flavour than ground or powdered versions. They can also be removed from the dish at the end of the cooking process.
Try: Easy chicken satay
A blend of various spices, including black and white peppercorns, cumin, nutmeg, cloves and cardamom, used predominantly in India and Pakistan.
Mama O’s Super Spicy Premium Pepper Paste
This contains red pepper flakes, garlic, ginger, lime juice and powdered bhut jolokia chilli and is used to make Korean kimchi.
Try: Quick and easy kimchi
An Indonesian sauce of ground red chillies with vinegar and salt.
Try: Chinese sticky hot ribs with cabbage coconut slaw.
A hot Thai sauce made from chilli, garlic, salt, sugar and vinegar.
Try: Spicy sriracha chicken sloppy joes on steamed buns with fiery slaw.
A pungent paste,similar to hot mustard, that’s made from the stem of the Japanese horseradish or wasabi plant.
Try: Quick pea soup with wasabi peas and bacon toasts.
Known for its sharp bite, white pepper adds flavour to Chinese stirfries, soups, meat and poultry
Try: Thai red coconut chicken curry.